Intelligent Cooperative Sensing for Improved traffic efficiency
European Commission - FP7 ICT 2011-8
INTECS S.p.A (I)
Brisa Inovação e Tecnologia (PT); CNIT (IT); CNR-ISTI (IT); University of Deusto (ES); Hellenic Telecommunications & Telematics Applications Company (GR); University of Zagreb (HR); Angel Iglesias S.A. (ES); Instituto de Telecomunicações (PT); ObjectSecurity Ltd (UK)
In the ICSI project we will define a new architecture to enable cooperative sensing in intelligent transportation systems (ITS) and develop a reference end-to-end implementation. The project results will enable advanced traffic and travel management strategies, based on reliable and real-time input data. The effectiveness of such new strategies, together with the proposed system, will be assessed in two field operational tests (FOTs) according to the methodology FESTA. The two FOTs will be located in Lisbon, in an extra-urban highway mobility environment, and in Pisa, in a smart urban mobility context.
Today ITSs are very complex systems, made of several subsystems working in isolation to provide dedicated functions. Such subsystems are often closed, i.e. they do not provide interfaces for direct access to third parties, and vertical, i.e. they provide an end-to-end system from sensors/actuators to the human-machine interface (HMI) of the system. Therefore, the fusion of data provided by different sub-systems operating in the same area is very difficult in practice and is bound to become worse in the future as the ICT infrastructure in transportation systems become bigger and more complex.
The vision in ICSI is to make such interaction between heterogeneous data sources as seamless as possible, by providing a common layer for data distribution, and to leverage such opportunity to shift the intelligence for decision making from humans in control centres to machines distributed within the ICT infrastructure itself. This machine-to-machine (M2M) interaction between sensors and actuators will be enabled with local scope, so as to keep it effective while being efficient and highly scalable. The transition of legacy systems, which have required huge investments and cannot be superseded completely in the medium term, will be facilitated by the use of gateways (GW), which will provide the existing systems with their native interface while also implementing the new functions for local communication and intelligence. In the long term, a new class of fully capable sensors will be released, which will exploit directly, hence more efficiently, the benefits of the proposed architecture.
ICSI is the definition of a communication and data management architecture, in line with and complementing the efforts within the technical committees M2M and ITS of the ETSI, and the implementation shows its feasibility in the use cases selected for trial.
ICSI provides the prototypes of new ITS sensors for improved data gathering through cooperation and the technological solutions for optimized V2X and communication in an ITS for cooperative sensing and decision making. In the end the project describes a set of traffic models and travel management strategies that can be used for improved road safety and transportation efficiency within the proposed solution.
The ICSI project is in line with the expected impact of topic ICT-2011.6.7 ''Cooperative Systems for energy efficient and sustainable mobility'' of the Work Programme 2011-2012.
Most of people in Europe use cars for daily transportation needs in both urban and rural environments. ICSI platform intends to provide a prototype of a European traffic monitoring and information system that could impact in a number of different ways:
significant improvements in energy efficiency and environmental friendliness of transport and mobility in Europe;
improving the competitiveness of the European transport industry as a whole, and enabling them to continue to address global markets successfully;
World leadership of Europe's automotive industry in the area of Cooperative Systems;
opening new markets for mobility, safety, energy efficiency and comfort services in Europe. Ensuring market leadership by Europe's industry in green products and services.